1773 Boston Tea Party
The Tea Act: The Catalyst of the Boston Tea Party
The Tea Act, passed by Parliament on May 10, 1773, granted the British East India Company Tea a monopoly on tea sales in the American colonies. This was what ultimately compelled a group of Sons of Liberty members on the night of December 16, 1773 to disguise themselves as Mohawk Indians, board three ships moored in Boston Harbor, and destroy over 92, 000 pounds of tea. The Tea Act was the final straw in a series of unpopular policies and taxes imposed by Britain on her American colonies. The policy ignited a “powder keg” of opposition and resentment among American colonists and was the catalyst of the Boston Tea Party. The passing of the Tea Act imposed no new taxes on the American colonies. The tax on tea had existed since the passing of the 1767 Townshend Revenue Act. Along with tea, the Townshend Revenue Act also taxed glass, lead, oil, paint, and paper. Due to boycotts and protests, the Townshend Revenue Act’s taxes were repealed on all commodities except tea in 1770. The tea tax was kept in order to maintain Parliament’s right to tax the colonies. The Tea Act was not intended to anger American colonists, instead it was meant to be a bailout policy to get the British East India Company out of debt. The British East India Company was suffering from massive amounts of debts incurred primarily from annual contractual payments due to the British government totaling £400, 000 per year. Additionally, the British East India Company was suffering financially as a result of unstable political and economic issues in India, and European markets were weak due to debts from the French and Indian War among other things. Besides the tax on tea which had been in place since 1767, what fundamentally angered the American colonists about the Tea Act was the British East India Company’s government sanctioned monopoly on tea.
The Tea Act…was what ultimately compelled a group of Sons of Liberty
on the night of December 16, 1773 to disguise themselves as Mohawk Indians, board three ships moored in Boston Harbor, and destroy over 92, 000 pounds of British East India Company tea.
First edition of the Tea Act of 1773.
Provisions of the Tea Act
Prior to the Tea Act, the British East India Company Tea was required to exclusively sell its tea at auction in London. This required the British East India Company to pay a tax per pound of tea sold which added to the company’s financial burdens. The Tea Act aborted this restriction and granted the British East India Company license to export their tea to the American colonies. This opened up the British East India Company’s markets to the lucrative American colonies. Additionally, under the Tea Act, duties Britain charged on tea shipped to the American colonies would be waived or refunded upon sale.
With the passing of the Tea Act, the seventeen million pounds of unsold surplus tea the British East India Company owned could be sold to markets in the American colonies.
The Boston Tea-Party, 1888. New York Public Library.
Seventeen Million Pounds of Unsold Tea
With the passing of the Tea Act, the seventeen million pounds of unsold surplus tea the British East India Company owned could be sold to markets in the American colonies. The tea was to be shipped to the American colonies and sold at a reduced rate. The Townshend Revenue Act tea tax remained in place despite proposals to have it waived. American colonists were outraged over the tea tax, which had existed since the 1767 Townshend Revenue Act and did not get repealed like the other taxes in 1770, and believed the Tea Act was a tactic to gain colonial support for the tax already enforced. The direct sale of tea by agents of the British East India Company to the American colonies undercut the business of colonial merchants. Prior to the Tea Act, colonial merchants purchased tea directly from British markets or smuggled from illegal markets. They then shipped it back to the colonies for resale. Outraged that American merchants were undercut, colonists initially in Philadelphia and New York refused the British East India Company tea to be offloaded and sent the ships back to England. In many colonial ports to protest the Tea Act, the shipment of British East India Company tea was unloaded and left untouched on the docks to rot. The Beaver, Dartmouth, and Eleanor arrived in Boston in late November to the middle of December 1773. The colonists, led by the Sons of Liberty, wanted the ships to return to England, and refused the unloading of the ships’ cargo of tea. Lieutenant Governor and Chief Justice of Massachusetts, Thomas Hutchinson, refused to let the ships return to England and held the Beaver, Dartmouth, and Eleanor in Boston Harbor until matters could be resolved and the tea offloaded. The framework for the Boston Tea Party was set, and on December 16, 1773, 340 chests of British East India Company Tea were dumped into Boston Harbor by the Sons of Liberty.what system is the pancreas in how much start up capital is required how much businessman in india what product is good for frizzy hair why equipment is important how much project coordinators make how to use far manager what management consultants do when management fails which product in the reaction forms a precipitate who system design why entrepreneurs don't pay taxes why entrepreneurs don't scale where to visit from london roadmap what does it mean entrepreneur who create new ideas why business major which business development increases cash when london falls why workers join unions how many design patterns are there in microservices how much business cards cost where to buy cars from manufacturer how much business license cost where does energy come from science where is hipyo tech from why project based learning is important which technology is a proprietary siem system how much solution to put in hoover carpet cleaner how many product managers which company is the best for roofing where project manager can work how often does working solutions pay where system preferences mac how many startups in india where to start up a business which products have parabens where to get business cards where to launch model rockets how devices in network which development led to the other three where to equip spirit calling bell who set up netflix what business can i start with 5k why product roadmap is important what solution is used for covid test why product management interview question when device is in vr means where is sewerage system from whose autonomous system number when solution of nacl and agno3 are mixed where product key windows 7 why device drivers are used how much teaching english in thailand how company do background check how much product to use in wavy hair why solutions architect why technological and institutional reforms are required how london street gangs work when science fails from where manager derive performance expectation which startup is best when science fails when business partners fall out where do workers live in monaco what equipment is at planet fitness how engineering helps the world why teaching is the hardest job how often teachers get paid startup whom who devised the trojan horse how many development bank in nepal 2022 how far london to italy what not to design how startup stock options work why entrepreneurs don't pay taxes when project runway 2022 how products are distributed who product list where is maya from project runway junior where do they need teachers why entrepreneurs can't work for others where to study entrepreneurship in south africa why company culture matters why design thinking where to launch a boat near me how manager treat their staff where tupperware products from how much london eye cost why roadmaps fail entrepreneur who founded jetblue crossword what is a development milestones how many solution does the system have what technology does verizon use when technology gets ahead of society what company owns dr pepper how many solutions are there who teaches naruto sage mode how much london underground cost how much product to use in curly hair where to study technology how many manufacturer coupons can i use what is far in development from where to start teaching english grammar how many manager in bank what management consultants do how many design slots acnh when workers are asked to participate how many management are there where system32 what teaching jobs are in demand which equipment is required to be on a trailer who manufacturers one plus how manager can motivate employees which workers are covered by unions how much system boiler how technological factor influence volkswagen how system calls work